Here we have explained how the Constitution holds people of different backgrounds together and what are the reasons which inhibit the peace and harmony of the country. India is a secular country. The Constitution of India gives every citizen the right to obey his religion. There is no official religion in the country. All religions are respected equally.
Respect for all religions is a way of promoting peace and harmony in the country. People of different religions love each other and celebrate all festivals with equal enthusiasm.
People work together in schools, places of work and various other places. Citizens of India live in harmony with each other on a large scale. Although it has been seen many times when peace is interrupted for various reasons. Some of these reasons are described below:. Terrorist attacks have created panic in the society. Terror is spreading through these attacks, which have come to affect the peace and harmony in the country. There are many instances of terrorist attacks in India.
Although there is no official religion in India and its citizens have the freedom to choose or change their religion according to their wishes, but there are some religious groups who promote their religion and promote their level so that they can get other people's Humiliate religion. This often leads to fear of communal violence. There is often lack of principles in political parties. One party tries to defame another in an effort to come to power.
People who create unnecessary unrest in the state are associated with a particular religion. In an effort to ensure social and economic equality for the people of the lower classes, the system started the reservation system, this system was largely opposed and many people related to other castes also came forward to seek reservation for their community. This has caused unrest and hindrance many times. Political parties such as Shiv Sena have shown intolerance to allow the people of other states to work in Maharashtra.
Such issues among the states also lead to disintegration of peace. The rise in the price of commodities, especially those which are essential for daily use, is another cause of unrest in society. People of different religions and castes live in different parts of India. Although these people live in harmony with each other on a large scale, due to many reasons, often the country's peace and harmony are interrupted. Here is how the harmony between the diversity is maintained and the reasons which affect peace. While the Indian government is taking every possible step to maintain peace and harmony in the country, there are several factors that affect it.
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Here's a detailed look at them:. The constitution of India does not officially obey any religion and allows its citizens to choose or change their religion at any time.
WHAT IS PEACE? CONCEPTS, QUALITIES, AND SOCIAL CONTRACT
However, there are some religious groups that spread their religion to the extent that brings unrest in the peace and harmony of the country. In India, it is common for a person to discriminate on the basis of race and religion, although the constitution gives everyone the right to equality. This discrimination sometimes distorts social equilibrium, which inhibit peace. Reservation system was started in the country with the aim of increasing the standard of living of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, but the people of other castes such as Gujjar and Jat community have also started demanding reservation, which has worsened the peace system.
Many regional parties do not encourage the people of other states to settle in their area. This often produces a lot of tension between the members of Shiv Sena and the people of other states of Maharashtra. Lack of education and lack of good employment opportunities leads to unemployment, which ultimately increases poverty and enhances the rate of crime in the country. Sometimes the opposition provokes the public against the party present in power to fulfill their own selfish motives, which is ultimately the main factor of unrest and disturbances.
Price hike is another problem that can disrupt the smooth operation of a society. There have been many instances when people have come forward to revolt against the increase in unfair prices, which has disrupted peace. India has faced terrorist attacks many times, which have created fear among the citizens. The difficulties created due to such attacks obstruct the normal functioning of the society. There are many instances when peace and harmony of the country was compromised with different groups and communities. Some similar examples are shared below:.
This was the first major riot in the state, which involved mass killings and robbery. Violent riot attacked the Sikhs in the country. This was done by the Sikh bodyguards as an answer to the assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Some members of the Islamic terrorist organization Lashkar-e-Taiba have entered Mumbai and have fired and fired and bomb blasts for four days. In February many protests were conducted by the Jat people in Haryana. He demanded to include his caste in the category of Other Backward Classes.
It interrupted the normal work of the state and even today the movement is not completely finished. Although the Constitution of India gives equal rights to all its citizens to ensure complete harmony between them, but due to many social, political and economic reasons, peace has dissolved. One nation's problems can no longer be satisfactorily solved by itself alone; too much depends on the interest, attitude, and cooperation of other nations. A universal humanitarian approach to world problems seems the only sound basis for world peace. What does this mean? We begin from the recognition mentioned previously that all beings cherish happiness and do not want suffering.
It then becomes both morally wrong and pragmatically unwise to pursue only one's own happiness oblivious to the feelings and aspirations of all others who surround us as members of the same human family. The wiser course is to think of others also when pursuing our own happiness.
This will lead to what I call 'wise self-interest', which hopefully will transform itself into 'compromised self-interest', or better still, 'mutual interest'. Although the increasing interdependence among nations might be expected to generate more sympathetic cooperation, it is difficult to achieve a spirit of genuine cooperation as long as people remain indifferent to the feelings and happiness of others. When people are motivated mostly by greed and jealousy, it is not possible for them to live in harmony.
A spiritual approach may not solve all the political problems that have been caused by the existing self-centered approach, but in the long run it will overcome the very basis of the problems that we face today. On the other hand, if humankind continues to approach its problems considering only temporary expediency, future generations will have to face tremendous difficulties. The global population is increasing, and our resources are being rapidly depleted. Look at the trees, for example.
No one knows exactly what adverse effects massive deforestation will have on the climate, the soil, and global ecology as a whole. We are facing problems because people are concentrating only on their short-term, selfish interests, not thinking of the entire human family. They are not thinking of the earth and the long-term effects on universal life as a whole. If we of the present generation do not think about these now, future generations may not be able to cope with them.
According to Buddhist psychology, most of our troubles are due to our passionate desire for and attachment to things that we misapprehend as enduring entities. The pursuit of the objects of our desire and attachment involves the use of aggression and competitiveness as supposedly efficacious instruments. These mental processes easily translate into actions, breeding belligerence as an obvious effect. Such processes have been going on in the human mind since time immemorial, but their execution has become more effective under modern conditions.
What can we do to control and regulate these 'poisons' - delusion, greed, and aggression?
For it is these poisons that are behind almost every trouble in the world. As one brought up in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition, I feel that love and compassion are the moral fabric of world peace. Let me first define what I mean by compassion. When you have pity or compassion for a very poor person, you are showing sympathy because he or she is poor; your compassion is based on altruistic considerations. On the other hand, love towards your wife, your husband, your children, or a close friend is usually based on attachment.https://travanintilat.tk
Toward Better Concepts of Peace
When your attachment changes, your kindness also changes; it may disappear. This is not true love. Real love is not based on attachment, but on altruism. In this case your compassion will remain as a humane response to suffering as long as beings continue to suffer. This type of compassion is what we must strive to cultivate in ourselves, and we must develop it from a limited amount to the limitless. Undiscriminating, spontaneous, and unlimited compassion for all sentient beings is obviously not the usual love that one has for friends or family, which is alloyed with ignorance, desire, and attachment.
The kind of love we should advocate is this wider love that you can have even for someone who has done harm to you: your enemy. The rationale for compassion is that every one of us wants to avoid suffering and gain happiness. This, in turn, is based on the valid feeling of '1', which determines the universal desire for happiness. Indeed, all beings are born with similar desires and should have an equal right to fulfill them. If I compare myself with others, who are countless, I feel that others are more important because I am just one person whereas others are many.
Further, the Tibetan Buddhist tradition teaches us to view all sentient beings as our dear mothers and to show our gratitude by loving them all. For, according to Buddhist theory, we are born and reborn countless numbers of times, and it is conceivable that each being has been our parent at one time or another. In this way all beings in the universe share a family relationship.
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Whether one believes in religion or not, there is no one who does not appreciate love and compassion. Right from the moment of our birth, we are under the care and kindness of our parents; later in life, when facing the sufferings of disease and old age, we are again dependent on the kindness of others. If at the beginning and end of our lives we depend upon others' kindness, why then in the middle should we not act kindly towards others?
The development of a kind heart a feeling of closeness for all human beings does not involve the religiosity we normally associate with conventional religious practice. It is not only for people who believe in religion, but is for everyone regardless of race, religion, or political affiliation. It is for anyone who considers himself or herself, above all, a member of the human family and who sees things from this larger and longer perspective. This is a powerful feeling that we should develop and apply; instead, we often neglect it, particularly in our prime years when we experience a false sense of security.
When we take into account a longer perspective, the fact that all wish to gain happiness and avoid suffering, and keep in mind our relative unimportance in relation to countless others, we can conclude that it is worthwhile to share our possessions with others. When you train in this sort of outlook, a true sense of compassion - a true sense of love and respect for others - becomes possible. Individual happiness ceases to be a conscious self-seeking effort; it becomes an automatic and far superior by-product of the whole process of loving and serving others.
Another result of spiritual development, most useful in day-to-day life, is that it gives a calmness and presence of mind. Our lives are in constant flux, bringing many difficulties. When faced with a calm and clear mind, problems can be successfully resolved. When, instead, we lose control over our minds through hatred, selfishness, jealousy, and anger, we lose our sense of judgement.
Our minds are blinded and at those wild moments anything can happen, including war. Thus, the practice of compassion and wisdom is useful to all, especially to those responsible for running national affairs, in whose hands lie the power and opportunity to create the structure of world peace. The principles discussed so far are in accordance with the ethical teachings of all world religions.
I maintain that every major religion of the world - Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Sikhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism - has similar ideals of love, the same goal of benefiting humanity through spiritual practice, and the same effect of making their followers into better human beings. All religions teach moral precepts for perfecting the functions of mind, body, and speech. All teach us not to lie or steal or take others' lives, and so on. The common goal of all moral precepts laid down by the great teachers of humanity is unselfishness. The great teachers wanted to lead their followers away from the paths of negative deeds caused by ignorance and to introduce them to paths of goodness.
All religions agree upon the necessity to control the undisciplined mind that harbours selfishness and other roots of trouble, and each teaches a path leading to a spiritual state that is peaceful, disciplined, ethical, and wise. It is in this sense that I believe all religions have essentially the same message. Differences of dogma may be ascribed to differences of time and circumstance as well as cultural influences; indeed, there is no end to scholastic argument when we consider the purely metaphysical side of religion.
However, it is much more beneficial to try to implement in daily life the shared precepts for goodness taught by all religions rather than to argue about minor differences in approach. There are many different religions to bring comfort and happiness to humanity in much the same way as there are particular treatments for different diseases. For, all religions endeavour in their own way to help living beings avoid misery and gain happiness.
And, although we can find causes for preferring certain interpretations of religious truths, there is much greater cause for unity, stemming from the human heart. Each religion works in its own way to lessen human suffering and contribute to world civilization. Conversion is not the point. For instance, I do not think of converting others to Buddhism or merely furthering the Buddhist cause. Rather, I try to think of how I as a Buddhist humanitarian can contribute to human happiness. While pointing out the fundamental similarities between world religions, I do not advocate one particular religion at the expense of all others, nor do I seek a new 'world religion'.
All the different religions of the world are needed to enrich human experience and world civilization. Our human minds, being of different calibre and disposition, need different approaches to peace and happiness. It is just like food.
Certain people find Christianity more appealing, others prefer Buddhism because there is no creator in it and everything depends upon your own actions. We can make similar arguments for other religions as well. Thus, the point is clear: humanity needs all the world's religions to suit the ways of life, diverse spiritual needs, and inherited national traditions of individual human beings.
It is from this perspective that I welcome efforts being made in various parts of the world for better understanding among religions. The need for this is particularly urgent now. If all religions make the betterment of humanity their main concern, then they can easily work together in harmony for world peace. Interfaith understanding will bring about the unity necessary for all religions to work together.
However, although this is indeed an important step, we must remember that there are no quick or easy solutions. We cannot hide the doctrinal differences that exist among various faiths, nor can we hope to replace the existing religions by a new universal belief. Each religion has its own distinctive contributions to make, and each in its own way is suitable to a particular group of people as they understand life.
The world needs them all. There are two primary tasks facing religious practitioners who are concerned with world peace. First, we must promote better interfaith understanding so as to create a workable degree of unity among all religions. Indeed, "the Church is not a reality closed in on herself.
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Rather, she is permanently open to missionary and ecumenical endeavor, for she is sent to the world to announce and witness, to make present and spread the mystery of communion which is essential to her, and to gather all people and all things into Christ, so as to be for all an 'inseparable sacrament of unity"'. Prepare Letter Alternative Method for Membership Transfer Membership During Interval of Transfer Receiving of Members Disturbed by World Conditions Counted in Statistical Reports If Member Is Not Accepted No Letters to Members Under Discipline Linda Shopes, eds.
Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds. Pearson Education Limited Lecturers adopting the main text are permitted to download and photocopy the manual as required. Visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.