Abstractly, the answer is very simple: a statement of valid input to the program and a statement of the corresponding output.
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Your software will operate on some data and derive computed data. The requirements document will clearly state what the input data and output data will be. The requirements document tells what your program will do from the user's perspective. Write Specification and Design Documents The specification document explains what the requirements are, but more precisely than the requirements document itself.
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It restates the requirements from the point of view of the developer. The specifications are explicitly and precisely stated. They are statements that you can design to and test for. Essentially, the specifications define a function from the set of all possible data input to the data output by your program. The preliminary design document explains how you are going to fulfill the specifications. It is written before you write the program and should include a list of algorithms you will use, major data structures, a list of major functions, their inter-relationships, and the steps you will use to develop your program.
Stepwise refinement and information hiding concepts should be used in developing the program, producing a detailed design document. Write The Comments First Understanding where and how to comment your code is important. Comments help you understand what is to be done. It is backwards to the write code and then try to explain what it does. Basic rules include giving pre- and post-conditions for selection and iteration statements, as well as blocks of sequential code.
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Additionally, loop invariants need to be developed for iteration statements. Data structures and their use also need to be explained. Other Program Related Documentation Additional documents are sometimes required for a program. These include a user's manual, a maintenance manual, and a test suite. Often these will appear as appendices in your thesis.
The user's manual describes the user interface to your program. The maintenance manual describes how to change, augment, or port your program. The test suite offers some validation that your program will compute what was intended by describing test procedures and sample test inputs. Write a User's Manual Most likely others will use your program. Writing a good user's manual will facilitate the use of your program.
The important thing is to write for the naive user. It is best to assume that users of your program will know nothing about computers or their interfaces. A clear, concise, step-by-step description of how one uses your program can be of great value not only to others, but to you as well.
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You can identify awkward or misleading commands, and by correcting these, develop a much more usable product. Start from your requirements document to remind yourself what your program does. Write a Maintenance Manual If your work has lasting benefit, someone will want to extend the functionality of your code. A well thought-out maintenance manual can assist in explaining your code. The maintenance manual grows from your specification, preliminary design, and detailed design documents. The manual shows how your program is decomposed into modules, specifies the interfaces between modules, and lists the major data structures and control structures.
It should also specify the effective scope of changes to your code. Write a Test Suite How will you guarantee that your program meets its specifications? You should be familiar with verification techniques and use them as you develop your code, but others are still going to want to see that your code gives expected results on a sample of test cases.
Use a Program Document Formatter I believe in literate programming , that is, a program should be written to be read and understood by any person experienced in programming. Briefly, the benefits of using a WEB system are that it enables you to 1 develop your program logically, without the constraints imposed by the compiler, 2 provide for excellent program documentation and modularity, and 3 track variables and modules automatically.
An index of variables and modules is produced containing pointers to where the variables and modules are defined and used. To learn more about such systems, you should refer to the cited literature. How To Write Your Paper Your thesis paper documents your work and can serve as a basis for a publishable paper. The most common mistake made by thesis students is to assume that the thesis itself will be easy to write. Consequently, they postpone writing until they have completed their programming. By the time they produce an acceptable copy, they find that a term or two of school has slipped by and they still have not graduated.
Important advice is to start writing early and ask your thesis advisor for feedback on your writing. Equally important, do not plagiarize.
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For project and thesis work also they are relying on outdated topics. Projects like school management system, library management system etc. Students should shift their focus to latest technologies which are highly in demand these days and future depend upon these. Here is the list of latest topics in Computer Science that you can choose and work for your project work or thesis and research:. Data Warehousing is the process of analyzing data for business purposes. Data warehouse store integrated data from multiple sources at a single place which can later be retrieved for making reports.
The data in the warehouse is historical data which is helpful in understanding business goals and make decisions for future prospects. It is a relatively new concept and have high growth in future. Data Warehouse finds its application in the following areas:. Internet of Things IoT is a concept of interconnection of various devices, a vehicle to the internet.
IOT make use of actuators and sensors for transferring data to and from the devices.
This technology is developed for better efficiency and accuracy apart from minimizing human interaction with the devices. The example for this is home heating in some countries when the temperature drops done through motion sensors which automatically detect the weather conditions. Another example for this is the traffic lights which changes its colors depending upon the traffic.
Following are the application areas of Internet of Things IoT :. Many people are not aware of this concept so you can choose for your project work and learn something new. Big Data is a term to denote the large volume of data which is complex to handle. The data may be structured or unstructured. Structured data is an organized data while unstructured data is an unorganized data. Big data can be examined for the intuition that can give way to better decisions and schematic business moves. The definition of big data is termed in terms of three Vs. These vs are:.
Cloud Computing is a comparatively new technology. It is an internet-based service that creates a shared pool of resources for consumers. There are three service models of cloud computing namely:. The common examples of cloud computing include icloud from Apple, Google-based Services like Google Drive and many more. The field is very demanding and is growing day by day. You can focus on it if you have interest in innovation.
Computer Science Topics List for Thesis, Research, and Project
Semantic Web is also referred to as Web 3. It is standardized by World Wide Web Consortium W3C to promote common data formats and exchange protocols over the web. It is machine-readable information based and is built on XML technology. It is an extension to Web 2. In the semantic web, the information is well defined to enable better cooperation between the computers and the people.
In the semantic web, the data is interlinked for better understanding. Students may submit the form to the CS Graduate Student Affairs Office with coursework in progress or planned for a future quarter. A total of nine courses are required for the M. No specific courses are required, but a majority of both the total number of regular, graded courses and the total number of graduate courses must consist of courses offered by the Computer Science Department.
No lower division courses may be applied toward the M. For both plans, all courses used must have received a B- grade or higher. The remaining three 3 4-unit courses are elective courses, which may be or level courses in Computer Science or level courses in a related discipline, i.